The independent variable is that variable assumed to be the causal variable. An independent variable is a variable that influences the dependent variable. Two examples of common independent variables are gender and educational level. A dependent variable is one that has been identified as the manifestation of some social phenomenon and that is caused by, or associated with, other independent variables. When the independent variable affects the dependent variable only by way of a mediating variable (sort of like a chain reaction), it is said to be an intervening relationship. Independent Variable The variable that is stable and unaffected by the other variables you are trying to measure. Cramer, Duncan and Dennis Howitt. independent variable Within a particular study, analysis, or model, the independent (or explanatory) variable is the social element whose characteristics or variations shape and determine the dependent variable: for example, the age of marriage can help explain the likelihood of divorce. Causality examines the world in terms of variables, independent variable and dependent variable.An independent variable is typically the cause, while a dependent variable is the effect. In social science research, multiple observations are used to address this problem. The independent variable is the variable the experimenter changes or controls and is assumed to have a direct effect on the dependent variable. How does gender (the independent variable) affect rate of income (the dependent variable)? For example, in a basic study, the researcher would establish one form of human behavior as the independent variable and observe the influence it has on a dependent variable. ; For example, if the hypothesis is a causal explanation, it will involve at least one dependent variable and one independent variable. Examples of independent variable in the following topics: Formulating the Hypothesis. The Dependent and independent variables Are sets of logical attributes that are sought to observe and measure as changing factors in scientific or social studies.. The independent variable (sometimes known as the manipulated variable) is the variable whose change isn't affected by any other variable in the experiment. A change in an independent variable is likely to be associated with a change in the dependent variable, but the occurrence, size, and direction of the change may differ from one individual or occasion to the next. In attempting to find out and discover how the world works, man has used experimentation to answer those questions, and one of the most widely used and recognized methods has been that of cause and effect relationships. Independent variables represent those factors that might influence the behavior under study. It is the presumed cause. This other variable is the dependent variable, or the variable we think is affected by the independent variable (see Figure 2.3 âCausal Path for the Independent and Dependent Variableâ). The independent variable is one that the researchers either manipulate (such as the amount of something) or that already exists but is not dependent upon other variables (such as the age of the participants). Sociology Index - Internet Research. The dependent variable is the effect, or thing that is changed. Dependent variable: What is being studied/measured. 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